Veterinary endoscopy is a minimally invasive technique for performing procedures through natural openings in the body or through one or more tiny holes rather than through large incisions.
By performing procedures endoscopically we offer their patients less pain, minimal recovery time and fewer complications. In many cases performing a procedure endoscopically allows for it to be done as an outpatient procedure, a less painful and traumatic alternative for both patient and owner.
At first, veterinary endoscopy was predominately used as a diagnostic tool. As the benefits were proven, its applications were expanded to include such things as the removal of foreign bodies, arthroscopic surgery and most recently laparoscopic spays.
Some of the most common endoscopic procedures that Redmond Veterinary Clinic performs are listed below, but specialists are continuing to expand the application of endoscopic techniques to other areas.
Bronchoscopy is the endoscopic technique for examining the lungs. Bronchoscopy allows for thorough visual examination of the respiratory tract to identify structural abnormalities, collect samples of abnormal airway secretions, identify and remove foreign bodies and biopsy lesions or tumors.
Cystoscopy is the exploration of the urinary bladder, used in a large number of small animal patients, including those presenting with chronic cystitis, pollakiuria, hematuria, stranguria, incontinence, trauma, calculi, and abnormal radiographs.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy is the endoscopic exploration of the stomach and intestines, a partial list of indications include: regurgitation, dysphagia, salvation, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, melena, anorexia, diarrhea, weight loss, hematochezia, fecal mucus and tenesmus. It is most commonly used for obtaining biopsies and the removal of foreign bodies.
Gastropexy is a preventative surgery in at risk dogs that prevents the twisting of the stomach which is fatal if not treated quickly. The stomach is sutured to the abdominal wall in order to prevent the stomach from twisting. By performing the preventative procedure endoscopically it eliminates the need to perform open surgery which requires an opening of the abdominal wall of 6” to 12.” A endoscopic gastropexy is often done at the time as a laparoscopic spay.
Laparoscopy is the technique for viewing the abdominal organs endoscopically. Laparoscopy is commonly used as a diagnostic tool for taking biopsies of the liver, kidney, pancreas, or masses. Other diagnostic applications include evaluation of abdominal trauma, bile duct patency, response to therapy, splenoportography or abnormal radiographic findings. Laparoscopic surgeries being performed include adrenalectomy, gastropexy, hernia repair and laparoscopic spays.
Laparoscopic Spays are a revolutionary new technique for performing both ovariectomies and ovariohysterectomies in female cats and dogs. Performed through one to three small incisions in the abdomen rather than a large incision it offers a less painful, faster healing alternative to traditional spays. A study published in the 2005 Journal of the Veterinary Medical Association concluded laparoscopic spays caused less surgical stress and up to 65% less post-operative pain than a traditional open surgical spay.
Otoscopy allows for examination of both the external and middle ear, it is one of the most common applications of endoscopy in veterinary medicine. Otoscopy allows for safe and thorough ear cleaning under constant visualization, removal of foreign objects, polyp removal and diagnostic sampling. Disorders of the external ear are common in dogs; the visualization afforded by this technique make it a precise means of assessment of treatment and follow-up.
Rhinoscopy is the exploration of the nose and back of the throat, commonly indicated in dogs and cats with nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, chronic sneezing, epistaxis, facial distortion, nasal pain, acute severe sneezing, reverse sneezing and abnormal radiographs.
Specialists can also perform:
Arthroscopy is the endoscopic technique for visualizing, diagnosing and treating problems inside a joint. Arthroscopy offers many advantages over open surgery including: less pain, faster return to function, reduced scaring and more precise treatment. It is used to treat chronic lameness, joint pain, joint instability, swelling, crepitus and abnormal radiographic findings, including OCD, DJD and fragmented coronoids.