Risk Factors

spacer-green.gifLow Risk

  • The animal lives exclusively indoors.
  • There is no exposure to other animals.
  • The animal is never boarded in a commercial kennel.
  • The animal is never taken to be groomed.
  • Other animals in the household are known to be strictly indoors.
  • No visiting pets.

spacer-green.gifModerate Risk

  • The animal lives indoors predominately or has opportunities for unsupervised outdoor activities.
  • There is occasional or likely exposure to other animals of unknown health status (parks, canyon trails, camping, etc.).
  • The animal is intermittently or routinely boarded in a commercial kennel.
  • Other animals in the household are known to roam or have contact with other animals of unknown health status.
  • The animal is occasionally or routinely groomed at a facility where other dogs are maintained.
  • The animal has access (supervised or otherwise) to areas inhabited by "reservoir" hosts (eg. opossum, skunk, raccoon, vole) or other wildlife and livestock such as cattle, pigs and horses.

spacer-green.gifHigh Risk

  • The animal lives, plays, and works outside and is not constrained to a gated kennel i.e. Ranch, Farm or Hunting.
  • Catteries.
  • The animal travels frequently or to endemic Lyme regions or has heavy exposure to ticks.